Chania Town

description

Chania is a small, picturesque town worth getting to know, where you’ll almost certainly stay longer than you intended, enjoying tasty food, the wonderful harbour, old buildings and many more. Chania is also one of the two places you are most likely to see on arriving in Crete.

Always the first thing you hear about Chania - the Venetian Harbour, the old port, the narrow shopping streets and waterfront restaurants.

Chania is also one of the two places you are most likely to see on arriving in Crete. It is beautiful - that is to say much of the Chania you will want to see is clustered close to the harbour - old buildings, museums, churches and crafts shops (some with genuinely interesting and sometimes local, products on offer).

Food is offered in great variety and sometimes great similarity - there are many restaurants and also cafes, at which to reflect upon the experiences of places you have just explored together with the enjoyment of some tasty food - we have suggestions for restaurants further on.

The atmosphere has a touch of Florence and Venice (a few years ago when those cities still had some room to walk), combined with the culture and character of Cretan people and traditions.

The Chania harbour is wonderful and at any particular time of day the light produces a different result, creating a "different place".
This is the best chance to see some of the old buildings - of Venetian and Turkish design, that Crete once had across the island - many have since been destroyed by the ravages of war and plunder.

Chania is surrounded by numerous rich options for sightseeing, exploration and discovery. Mountain villages provide a view into the "inner Crete". The Samaria and many other gorges can be hiked, archaeological sites abound.

 

How to get there

Chania has an international airport with scheduled flights year round and abundant charter flights serving much of Europe during the season - April to October. Buses from the airport are virtually non-existent [see bus timetable]. If you're not driving, you should take a taxi. Flight tickets can be bought in advance for almost all flights via our partner website.

Ferries sail to and from Athens (Pireas) daily - the port for ferries for Chania is at Souda, a few kilometres away. When the ferry arrives, if you manage to scamper onto the bus in time, this will take you to Chania. But it is best to plan to take a taxi. Ferry tickets can be bought in advance for all ferries via our website.

Of course if you are renting a car on arrival, you can drive to your chosen destination at will! If a pause in Souda before your first sighting of Chania seems just right, try "Exandas" cafe which serves Illy coffee and the famed, welcoming treat of a "bougatsa" (pastry with cheese or cream filling).

Book your taxi transfer online easily and safely from the airport or port to any location via our website.

 

Where to stay

At the upper end of the Chania price offerings Casa Delfino just off the Venetian harbour, is unique. Two restored Venetian houses have been wonderfully re-furbished and decorated, producing 20 rooms and suites. This place is beautiful and could happily be a destination in itself. It is quiet, being just a little back (40 metres) from the cafe-decorated water front - this is valuable as summer nights can be late ones when the currently popular "disco-thump" music is blared relentlessly from cafes on the waterfront at stadium-level volume.

DomicileChania Venetian Residence, after an incredible restoration, this ultimate residence is now a mix of modern and traditional elements creating a harmonious space both relaxed and timeless – it truly feels like home. A home that offers its guests a unique experience.

Mamanena Charming Hotel a great, small, hospitable boutique hotel with breakfast in the heart of Chania's charming old town, with views over the picturesque harbourfront with the venetian lighthouse and the sea.

Monastery Estate Venetian Harbor, a small boutique hotel with 11 suites, a wonderful small restaurant, a unique spa, an original Turkish Hamam, an indoor swimming pool enclaved to ceiling height venetian arches... a truly exceptional and tasteful hotel with a rare calm quality - and yet be in the heart of the special town of Chania.

Fatma Hanoum Boutique Hotel, an historical mansion harmoniously combining Venetian and Ottoman architectural styles, is located in a charming, narrow alley in the heart of Chania’s Old Harbor in Crete.

Ionas Hotel is a splendidly restored Venetian building, converted into a charming small hotel in 2006. It has 9 smart rooms, with design design flair and style. The small cafe & breakfast area and the roof terrace make this a new small hotel to take delight in. It is in a quiet Chania Old Town location, very close to the harbour.

Another fine new arrival is Splanzia Hotel, with 8 distinctive, quality rooms, Venetian building, suave cafe & courtyard, in a new part of Chania by the Old Town. Small & chic, family-run hotel. 3 minute walk to the marina, 10 minutes to the Venetian harbour centre.

Pandora Suites has been overlooking Chania harbour for many years...room interiors may feel a bit dated, but the charm of its magnificent views from the rooftop terrace never fades. The proximity to the harbour, enjoyable courtyard & terrace are what you stay here for (and one of the rooms with a view if you're very lucky!).

Belmondo Hotel has a great position on the waterfront, it is an old Venetian building tastefully converted into a small delightful hotel.

Porto Veneziano Hotel is round the water's edge at the inner harbour and marina, it is of a high standard, modern hotel. A sea view room offers you one of the best places to wake up in Chania, your balcony above the harbour with the lighthouse, Venetian buildings, boats and sea in site. This hotel is quiet - but also convenient with restaurants in every direction and a pleasurable walk to the old shops and museums round the harbour.

The Porto del Colombo Hotel is a lovely small hotel - a restored Venetian harbour-side building, opposite Casa Delfino. 2 rooms with harbour views.

 

What to see & do

Explore the waterfront and streets just behind. Walk along the harbour wall to the Venetian Lighthouse and admire the wonderful views to the Venetian Harbour.

Wander in the narrow streets and alleys of the Old quarter filled with Venetian and Turkish architectural gems.

Plan your day ahead with a nice cup of Greek coffee or ouzo in the traditional kafenion in front the St Nicholas church in Splantzia.

Explore the old city of Chania, walk along the narrow streets with the old building, browse through the small shops with leather goods and ceramics. Visit the main market and buy from here honey, herbs, cheese, olive oil.  The Venetian, Turkish, traditional and modern architecture coexist in harmony in the city of Chania, creating a unique and attractive scenery for the visitors. Archaeological sites, temples, squares, and unique buildings adorn this small picturesque town. The old city of Chania constitutes a unique historical monument, for which have been made many efforts by the State and the local authorities to preserve and project its historical character. Despite the intense touristic development of the last few decades, the interventions, the disasters and the aspect of modern architecture, the old city managed to preserve its historical and its unique architectural character to a great extent.

If you wish to buy local products or folklore products, do not omit to visit the Municipal Market of Chania (working hours: from Monday until Saturday, 08.00 - 20.00) with many traditional shops selling pure Cretan products on their shelves; gruyere, sheep's anthotyro, and manoyri, some of the most popular local cheeses, fresh vegetables, and juicy fruits, olives, herbs, thyme honey and, of course, local raki.

Visit at the center of Chania the Cathedral of Eisodion tis Theotokou. The Temple of Eisodion, as Cathedral and Metropolitan and Protector of the City, concentrates the religious, oblative and generally devotional interest of the godly population of Chania.

East of Splatzia Square of the old city of Chania is located the church of Agios Nikolaos, which was built before 1320, during the Venetian Period, like the monastery of Dominican Order. During the Venetian period, it constituted the most important church in the city.

Visit The Patriarchal Monastery of Chrysopigi, which was founded in Chania during the last period of the Venetian Period (end of 16th century) and is dedicated to Panagia Zoodocho Pigi.  Every year come thousands of pilgrims from Greece and abroad to kneel the miraculous icon of Panagia.

Visit the Ancient Kydonia (Proto-Minoan settlement of Kasteli). The modern city of Chania is founded in the site of a significant ancient Minoan settlement, Kydonia or ku-do-ni-ja as it appears on Linear B script. According to the tradition, Kydonia was one of the three cities founded by King Minos in Crete. The settlement that is presently excavated in the city of Chania has as center the hill of Kasteli and is the most important of the prefecture. Large habitations with well-built rooms, elegant floors with circular cavities- fireplaces, coated walls with deep red mortar, door frames and ceramics of excellent quality are some of the findings that indicate the existence of a significant proto-Minoan center. The extended excavations in the archaeological site of Kasteli, which constitutes one of the most important monuments of the prehistoric period of Crete, are carried out since 1966 until today by the 25th Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities. Some of the most important findings of the excavation are available in Chania Archaeological Museum.

Visit the Archaeological Museum of Chania. The Archaeological Museum of Chania was founded in 1963 and is located at the place of the Venetian Monastery of Agios Fragiskos in Halidon Street in Chania. The collection of the museum includes findings from excavations in several areas of the city that have been performed during the last 50 years, and its exhibits cover the cultural history of Chania from the neolithic period till the Roman Empire.

Pay a visit to Byzantine and Post-Byzantine Collection. It is located in the internal part of the north-western side of the fortification walls that was renamed to Monastery of Saint Salvatore. The exhibition is focused on the historical and artistic identity of the region of Chania during the Byzantine and Post-Byzantine period.

Visit The Nautical Museum of Crete, which is located at the entrance of the historical fortress "Firka". It was founded in 1973 in order to promote the nautical traditions and history of the island. The Museum cooperates and interacts with other Nautical Museums in Greece and abroad.

Visit the Folklore Museum of Chania – Cretan House. The Folklore Museum of Chania is located at the center of the old city of Chania, in Halidon Street, next to the Catholic church. It includes folklore and traditional exhibits that allow the visitor to have a representative picture of the way of life of older residents of the island during the 18th and 19th century.

Visit the house that Eleftherios Venizelos was born - one of the most important politicians of Greece - which is located in Mournies of Chania. The house of Venizelos today has been transformed into Museum, in which many personal objects of the ethnarch El. Venizelos and Cretan history are exposed.

Within the geographical borders of the Municipality of Chania, 11 beaches have been awarded the Blue Flag (Stalos, Agii Apostoli 1, Agii Apostoli 2, Chrissi Akti, Agia Marina, Kalamaki, Nea Chora, Marathi, Stavros, Agios Onoufrios, Kalathas). Don't miss to explore a few of them.

Start your night out in Synagogi bar, housed in a roofless Venetian building that was once a synagogue.

Walk from the Venetian Harbour all the way to Halepa and the Tambakaria, where the old tanneries will take you back in time.

Capture the vibrant colours and smells in the Leather Market.

See an exhibition housed in the Mosque of the Janissaries that dominates the harbour view.

Buy traditional knives or watch the making of them in the Armenis knife shop in Sifaka street.

Visit the cross-shaped Municipal market, a bustle of colours and smells, shaped after the Marseilles market.

Sit under the trees or take a photo of the kri-kris, the Cretan wild goats at the Public Garden.

Visit the wonderful Naval Museum (Maritime Museum) - it delivers a superb introduction to the History of Crete and is by no means only for maritime mavens, you will learn more here in half an hour than most could teach you, about the events that filled Crete's moving past. Excellent, well done. Open: 10.00 to 14.00 daily, except Monday. Tel: 28210-91875. Admission: 2.50 euros.

The Archaeological Museum on Halidon Street is smaller than its grand Heraklion cousin, though well worth visiting and appealing even to non archaeologists. Open: 8.00 to 17.00 (to 19.30 April-October) daily, except Monday. Tel: 28210-90334. Admission: 1.5 euros Historical Archives (museum): Open 9.00 to 13.00, Monday to Friday. Tel: 28210-52606. Admission: Free. Byzantine Museum. Open: 8.30 to 14.00 daily, except Monday. Tel: 28210-96046. Near the waterfront (at the back of the Naval museum).

Visit the Maritime Museum on the west side of the port and walk along the port till Arsenali where is situated the Arsenali Centre of Mediterranean Architecture that organises exhibitions and has as primary goal to promote the Mediterranean arts.

Visit Venizelos Graves, which has magnificent views from amongst the trees, on a hill above Chania, across the the town, Venetian harbour and sweeping over the sea & beyond. Best place to pause & enjoy the view, Ostria cafe. 

Visit Tabakaria a district with old leather processing houses found on the rocky eastern side of the city of Chania. The area was chosen for the following reasons: the abundant brackish subterranean waters used to soften leather, and its relative closeness to the city. Today some of the leather processing houses are still in operation. Adjusted to the natural properties of the land, the buildings have only one floor on the side of the street and two or three floors on the side of the sea. They are made of stone with tile roofs. They are built close to each other with very narrow, steep passages and steps going down to the sea. Tabakaria constitute a unique architectural complex.

Visit villages near Chania, where the old men talk, argue, discuss, play cards at their local kafeneio or simply find a stretch of beach and immerse the cares of yesterday in the waters of today. With children you might treat them to a visit to the water park at Limnoupolis.

A trip by car I would suggest: To "Therissos" - you drive through a beautiful gorge. The village itself is historic and has some good tavernas like "Andartis". But if you have time, you can continue further to Zourva and come down to Chania again via Meskla. This is a spectacular drive (if the atmosphere is clear and not too hazy), marked on some maps as unpaved - but it is now paved. Just after Zourva, there is a taverna on its own with glass windows with 360 views and good local food.

At Therisos located the Historical and Folklore Museum of Therisos. This Museum was founded in 1985 and is located in the building that was used as the headquarters of Eleftherios Venizelos. The museum hosts objects of that period, archives and photographic material, armament, as well as personal objects of Eleftherios Venizelos.

In case of some great Monasteries nearby Chania. The Patriarchal Monastery of Agia Triada Tsagarolon is one of the most important monasteries of the end of the Venetian Empire in Crete with a great contribution to the History and Education of the island. It is located on the foot of Stavros mountain chain, in the area "Tzompomilos" of Meleha cape.

Another worth visit Monastery is the Gouverneto Monastery or Lady of Angels which is one of the oldest monasteries of Crete and constitutes a sample of orthodoxy monasterial architecture. It was built in 1537 in altitude of 260 meters by monks of the Catholic church that abandoned the place due to piracy.

The monastery of Timios Prodromos is located in Korakies of Akrotiri. It is a historical woman's cloth monastery that is known to local people as the monastery of nuns. The monastery was destroyed many times by the different conquerors of Crete and thus the valuable files that could help for the precise dating of the monastery were lost.

In Summer, the municipality hosts cultural events around the town, including these in the public gardens and at the open air-theatre on the outskirts of the town walls, which has various music and theatrical performances. 

Swim. The nearest beach is  500m away, Agii Apostgolli Beach is 4 km, and the famous long beach of Agia Marina, is 7km away. Or maybe you prefer the enclosed waters of Marathi bay, on the Akrotiri peninsula.

Outside Chania: trips to the many surrounding monasteries, the Samaria Gorge (take a bus to Omalos or a tour as you will walk the Gorge, take a ferry from the end at Agia Roumeli to Sfakia and then a bus back to Chania).

Also on Akrotiri peninsula, beyond the airport, there are two very impressive monasteries, inhabited by a few monks and both are opened to appropriately dressed visitors in the morning and late afternoon, Agia Triada or Jakaoron, renowned for its traditions this unique olive oil is produced,  and the historic  monastery of Gouvernetou the more remote which resembles a castle, with towers which served to defend it from raiders.

Beyond Gouvernetou lies a wonderful hiking trail to the cliff chapel of Katholikon and an azure-watered inlet below. The aquamarine water would be very inviting for a swim before the climb back up to Gouverneto Monastery, if this were not strictly prohibited by the monks.

If you are looking for more quite beaches, Falasarna, is a very long beach that is located on the west part of island, 44km from your hotel, What makes this beach so unique, is the length, you can walk along the sandy beach for a lot of time. Or drive 2 hours southwest to Elafonisi (try and get there before the afternoon crowds), or 1 hour west the well-known Balos Beach (the latter requires a short hike, or a boat from Kastelli).

Or maybe you would like to visit one of the best wineries in Crete, Manousakis Winery.

Samaria Gorge is the longest gorge in Europe, if you like gorges, walk through this gorge and the experience will be unique. It is a long gorge, 16km, and you need about 6 hours to pass it,  that means that it is not allowed to walk the long way if you have any health problem. If you think that 16km are too many, you can see the last part of the gorge. You  have to drive till Chora Sfakion and then you take the boat to Agia Roumeli, where is the exit of the gorge, you just have to walk a few kilometers in the gorge, at least till the most narrow point "portes".

Next to Samaria gorge there is another gorge, shorter but very beautiful because it is very narrow in some points. This is Imbros gorge and you need just 2 hours to pass it. You can combine this walk, with swimming to Fragokastelo beach, as it is very close to the exit of the gorge.

For those who love horse riding, there is a horse riding center in Akrotiri, that organises daily excursions at that area. You just need to make a reservation.

The Therissos Gorge, Kolymbari and its monastery, the wide sweep of Falassarna beach, boat trips to Gramvousa & Balos, a longer and most scenic trip to Elafonissi and villages en route - the list is long enough to fill many days.

More activities in Chania Region.

 

Where to eat & drink

Chrysostomos is a treat, in the street behind the Porto Veneziano hotel, at the marina end of the harbour. Real original tasty and healthy bean salads (the way Cretan's used to eat), fabulous home-baked breads, excellent game, meat and fresh vegetable dishes. A gem. Telephone: 28210 - 57035.

The Well of the Turk - hard to find but worth it for a creative blend of north African, middle eastern and Greek food, set in an old Turkish house with - yes, a well. Take Karaoli Dimitriou at the bottom of Halidon, it becomes Sifaka (there are shops selling knives on your right) look down the alleys here for signs to the Deaf and Dumb Association of Chania. You will stumble across the restaurant - if unsure keep asking! Closed Tuesday (Winter: closed Monday and Tuesday). Tel: 28210-54547.

To Avgo tou Kokkora - next to Vranas studios, behind the big church, Mitropoli, off Halidon. Looks at first like a cafe - it's more, an ideal haven of fresh, creatively prepared salads, pasta, sandwiches and more - crisp, delightful food and pleasing atmosphere. Tel: 28210-55776.

Antigoni - corner of Akti Enoseos and Defkalionos (a short way past the Porto Veneziano Hotel). Re-decorated, much care taken here - local dishes and there is always fish. Tourists do visit this small restaurant but it is a popular local venue; the many times we've eaten there it's been a treat. Telephone: 28210-45236.

Karnagio - half way between the bottom of Halidon Street and the Porto Veneziano Hotel is a small square, more a car parking area, at the back of it is this - sprawling tables outside - fish restaurant. It's not the only one but in our experience it has justified its good reputation - anyway you can enjoy exercising your good judgment by picking out the fish you want, let them suggest how it should be cooked!

In general the waterfront restaurants with their customer beckoning attendants, from the maritime museum to the square - this long strip of "translated menus" - has the least interesting fare on offer; if you wish to find Crete's real offerings the other side of the harbour (the mosque building and onwards) provides a better waterfront bet. Don't forget all the back streets and other parts of Chania where discoveries await.

Above Chania - whole town & sea view (by the Venizelos Graves): Ostria cafe. Has indoor & outdoor seating, views are impressive from either any time of the day, sunsets are very special. Coffee, drinks, ice-cream, salads & snacks. Tel. 28210-56642.

Hidden restaurant gems in villages around Chania:
East of Chania: "Eagle's nest" (Aetofolia) in Samonas village. Perched high up, with views to the valley and sea reached from twisting narrow mountain road (quite a drive!). Authentic, quality home cooking by Mrs Katerina, the owner. Simple and pure food with good local ingredients (their own eggs, chickens...). Call to pre-order food the morning before an evening visit, otherwise selection is limited. But you can always find a lamb "tsigariasto", which is cooked just right here, a potato & vegetables omelet, wonderful greek salad, keftedakia (meat balls) and the tastiest fried potatoes. In the summer, if you are lucky and she has stuffed tomatoes, they are fantastic. Open year round. Tel. 28250-41527.

"Diadromes" just before Armeni village. Attractive stone building in pleasant estate, nature & mountain views, sitting outside by the river (or inside by the fireplace in the winter). Kayaking down the river & other activities organized for small groups (call first). Children's entertainment provided in special indoor & outdoor facilities. Open year round, mainly Friday-Saturday-Sunday. Tel. 28250-41700.

"Tzitzikas" in Armeni village, by the river. Nice ambience, inside and out, with the sound of the running river creating a therapeutic effect... Wonderfully cool outside in the summer (under the great plane trees). Good espresso & cappuccino, interesting mezedes (snacks) and organic food available. Open year round. Tel. 28250-41144.

"Ta Lemonadika" in Fres village. In the village square, in pretty, old, stone building dating from 1927. A one-man show in the kitchen & waiting tables, so service can be slow. Authentic and interesting (Greek) cuisine, using olive oil exclusively all cooking. Cretan or byzantine music (no loud dance music here!) Sitting at the few tables outside can be hot in the summer. Cozy in the winter inside. Open year round. Tel. 28250-71000.

"Cretan corner" in Megala Horafia (below the Aptera archaeological site). Friendly welcome, open for coffee and meals, overlooking the valley below the White Mountains. Many ingredients come from the family's mostly organic farm. On Saturday evenings, in the summer, dancing to Cretan music may take place - impromptu or pre-organized for small groups (not bus-loads!) Open year round. Tel. 28250-32241.

Tavernas in Kalives village...take your pick! Kalives is blessed with many pleasing and good value tavernas on the waterfront, with offerings typical of Greek/Cretan menu. Our favourites include "Gyalos" (for sardines, tasty Greek salad - tel. 28250-31117), "Mythos" (for grilled meats, horta/greens & pastitsio - tel. 28250-31964), "Mistrali", or "Maistali" (for variety of menu, tasty casseroles, aubergine papoutsaki - tel. 28250-31902) and "Provlita" (especially for fresh fish & seafood - tel. 28250-31835). Fine sandy beach, good tavernas...a tempting stop (perhaps on your way to or from the Aptera archaeological site above Kalives). In the winter, only "Mythos" is open every evening, "Provlita" is open on the weekends and the others are "hibernating"!

"Don Rosario", for many years in the tiny beach-side hamlet of Ravdoucha, but moved in 2010 on the National Road, near Souda (area "Platani"). A sophisticated Italian restaurant. Fresh fish, seafood, oysters, lobster, as well as mouth-watering pasta is your treat here. Tel. 28210-23663. Call for reservations, especially on weekends.

 

Special comments

If by chance, you arrive on the ferry at Souda at 5.30 or 6.00 in the morning, rush to the waiting bus or one of the taxis and have them take you to the bottom of Halidon street at the Venetian Harbour (well, you'll need to walk from the bus stop if it's by bus of course! Ask them to let you off as near Halidon as possible).

Turn left and walk along the waterfront and find, usually there is one, an open cafe and sit with coffee or whatever and watch the moon (if it's on cue) dissolve and the sun rise. Then YOU will have special comments! It's a voyager's treat.

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